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润文翻译

翻译新闻

常用计算机专业词汇术语翻译

时间:2014-02-17 20:13作者:admin点击:

3DThree Dimensional,三维

3DPA3D Positional Audio3D定位音频)

3DS3D SubSystem,三维子系统)

AASAutomatic AreaSeagment?

AATAverage access time,平均存取时间)

ABSAuto Balance System,自动平衡系统)

ACAudio Codec,音频多媒体数字信号编解码器)

ACPIAdvancedConfiguration and Power Interface,先进设置和电源管理)

ACTAction,动作类游戏)

ADIMMadvanced DualIn-line Memory Modules,高级双重内嵌式内存模块)

adsl: asymmetric digital subscriber line,不对称数字订阅线路

ADSL: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line,不对称数字订阅线路

AEAtmospheric Effects,雾化效果)

AFRAlternate FrameRendering,交替渲染技术)

AGASAnti Glare AntiStatic Coatings,防强光、防静电涂层)

AGPAccelerated GraphicsPort,图形加速接口)

AGUAddress GenerationUnits,地址产成单元)

ah: authentication header,鉴定文件头

AH: Authentication Header,鉴定文件头

AHAAccelerated HubArchitecture,加速中心架构)

Ali: Acer Lab(宏棋实验室)

ALUArithmetic LogicUnit,算术逻辑单元)

AMI: American Megatrends IncorporatedEARExtremeAudio Reality

amr(audio/modem riser,音效/数据主机板附加直立插卡)

AMRAudio/Modem Riser,音效/数据主机板附加直立插卡)

AMRAudioModem Riser;音效/调制解调器主机板附加直立插卡)

Anisotropic Filtering(各向异性过滤)

APIApplicationProgramming Interfaces,应用程序接口)

APPEAdvanced PacketParsing Engine,增强形帧解析引擎)

arp(address resolution protocol,地址解析协议)

ARPAddress ResolutionProtocol,地址解析协议)

ARPGAction Role PlayGames,动作角色扮演游戏)

ASCAnti Static Coatings,防静电涂层)

ASCAuto-Sizing andCentering,自动调效屏幕尺寸和中心位置)

ASCIIAmerican StandardCode for Information Interchange,美国国家标准信息交换代

ASF: Applied Science FictionAMD: AdvancedMicro Device(超微半导体)

ASIC: Application Specific IntegratedCircuit(特殊应用积体电路)

ASK IRAmplitude ShiftKeyed Infra-Red,长波形可移动输入红外线)

ASMOAdvanced StorageMagneto-Optical,增强形光学存储器)

ASTAverage Seek time,平均寻道时间)

ATAAT AttachmentAT扩展型)

ATAPIAT Attachment PacketInterface

ATCAccess Time fromClock,时钟存取时间)

ATL: ActiveX Template LibraryActiveX模板库)

atm(asynchronous transfer mode,异步传输模式)

ATMAsynchronousTransfer Mode,异步传输模式)

ATOMMAdvanced superThin-layer and high-Output Metal Media,增强形超薄高速金属

ATX: AT Extend(扩展型AT

Auxiliary Input(辅助输入接口)

AVAnalog Video,模拟视频)

AVGAdventure Genre,冒险类游戏)

Back Buffer,后置缓冲

Backface culling(隐面消除)

BASIC:Beginner's All-purpose SymbolicInstruction Code(初学者通用指令代码)

Battle for Eyeballs(眼球大战,各3D图形芯片公司为了争夺用户而作的竞争)

BCFBoot Catalog File,启动目录文件)

BGABall Grid Array,球状矩阵排列)

BHTbranch predictiontable,分支预测表)

BIFBoot Image File,启动映像文件)

Bilinear Filtering(双线性过滤)

BIOSBasic Input/OutputSystem,基本输入/输出系统)

BLA: Bearn Landing Area(电子束落区)

BMCBlack Matrix Screen,超黑矩阵屏幕)

bod(bandwidth on demand,弹性带宽运用)

BODBandwidth On Demand,弹性带宽运用)

bpsbit per second,位/秒)

BPUBranch ProcessingUnit,分支处理单元)

Brach Pediction(分支预测)

BSRAMBurst pipelinedsynchronous static RAM,突发式管道同步静态存储器)

c2c: card-to-card interleaving,卡到卡交错存取

CAMCommon Access Model,公共存取模型)

CASColumn AddressStrobe,列地址控制器)

CBF: Cable Broadband Forum,电缆宽带论坛

cbr(committed burst rate,约定突发速率)

CBRCommitted Burst Rate,约定突发速率)

ccirn: coordinating committee forintercontinental research networking,洲

CCIRN: Coordinating Committee forIntercontinental Research Networking,洲

ccm(call control manager,拨号控制管理)

CCMCall Control Manager,拨号控制管理)

cc-numa(cache-coherent non uniform memoryaccess,连贯缓冲非统一内存寻址)

CCTClock Cycle Time,时钟周期)

CDRCD Recordable,可记录光盘)

CD-ROM/XACDROM eXtendedArchitecture,唯读光盘增强形架构)

CDRWCD-Rewritable,可重复刻录光盘)

cdsl: consumer digital subscriber line(消费者数字订阅线路)

CDSL: Consumer Digital Subscriber Line(消费者数字订阅线路)

CEMcube environmentmapping,立方环境映射)

CEMAConsumer ElectronicsManufacturing Association(消费者电子制造业协会)

Center Processing Unit Utilization,中央处理器占用率

CGComputer Graphics,计算机生成图像)

cgi(common gateway interface,通用网关接口)

CGICommon GatewayInterface,通用网关接口)

chrp(common hardware reference platform,共用硬件平台,

ibmpowerpc制定的标准,可以兼容macos, windows nt, solaris,

os/2, linuxaix等多种操作系统)

ciea: commercial internet exchangeassociation,商业因特网交易协会

CIEA: Commercial Internet ExchangeAssociation,商业因特网交易协会

cir(committed infomation rate,约定信息速率)

CIRCommitted InfomationRate,约定信息速率)

CISCComplex InstructionSet Computing,复杂指令集计算机)

Clipping(剪贴纹理)

CLKClock Cycle,时钟周期)

Clock Synthesizer,时钟合成器

CLVConstant LinearVelocity,恒定线速度)

CMOS: Complementary Metal OxideSemiconductor,互补金属氧化物半导体

COBCache on board,板上集成缓存)

CODCache on Die,芯片内集成缓存)

COM: Component Object Model(组件对象模式)

compressed textures(压缩纹理)

Concurrent Command Engine,协作命令引擎

CPE: Customer Premise Equipment(用户预定设备)

CPGACeramic Pin GridArray,陶瓷针型栅格阵列)

CPUCenter ProcessingUnit,中央处理器)

CRC: Cyclical Redundancy Check(循环冗余检查)

CRTCathode Ray Tube,阴极射线管)

CSChannel Separation,声道分离)

CSA: Canadian Standards Association(加拿大标准协会)

CSEConfiguration SpaceEnable,可分配空间)

CSSCommon Command Set,通用指令集)

CSS: Cascading Style Sheets,层叠格式表

CTIComputer TelephoneIntegration,计算机电话综合技术

cts(clear to send,清除发送)

CTSClear to Send,清除发送)

DACDigital to AnalogConverter,数模传换器)

DAEdigital Audio Extraction,数据音频抓取)

DANDance,跳舞类游戏,包括跳舞机、吉它机、打鼓机等)

Data Forwarding(数据前送)

DB: Deep Buffer(深度缓冲)

DB: Device Bay,设备插架

DBS: Direct Broadcast Satellite,直接卫星广播

dbs-pc: direct broadcast satellite pc(人造卫星直接广播式pc)

DBS-PC: Direct Broadcast Satellite PC(人造卫星直接广播式PC

DCDreamcast

DCA: Defense Communication Agency,国防部通信局

DCD: Document Content Description for XML:XML文件内容描述

dce: data circuit terminal equipment,数据通信设备

DCE: Data Circuit Terminal Equipment,数据通信设备

DCOM: Distributing Component Object Model,构造物体模块

DDCDisplay Data Channel,显示数据通道

DDR SDRAMDouble Date Rate,双数据率SDRAM

DDSS IIDouble DynamicSuspension System II,第二代双层动力悬吊系统)

DDSSDouble DynamicSuspension System,双悬浮动态减震系统)

DECDirect EtchingCoatings,表面蚀刻涂层)

Decal(印花法,用于生成一些半透明效果,如:鲜血飞溅的场面)

Decode(指令解码)

des: data encryption standard,数据加密标准

DES: Data Encryption Standard,数据加密标准

DFLDynamic Focus Lens,动态聚焦)

DFPDigital Flat Panel,数字式平面显示器)

DFSDigital Flex Scan,数字伸缩扫描)

DFS: Dynamic Flat Shading(动态平面描影),可用作加速

DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol,动态主机分配协议

DIBDual Independent Bus,双独立总线)

DIC: Digital Image Control(数字图像控制)

Digital Multiscan II(数字式智能多频追踪)

DILdual-in-line

DIMMDual In-line MemoryModules,双重内嵌式内存模块)

DIRDirect RenderingInfrastructure,基层直接渲染)

Directional Light,方向性光源

DiscWizard(磁盘控制软件)

Dithering(抖动)

DLPdigital LightProcessing,数字光处理)

DLS-2Downloadable SoundsLevel 2,第二代可下载音色)

DMADirect Memory Access,直接内存存取)

DME: Direct Memory Execute(直接内存执行)

DMF: Distribution Media FormatGDIGraphicsDevice Interface,图形设备接口)

DMIDesktop ManagementInterface,桌面管理接口)

dmt: discrete multi - tone,不连续多基频模式

DMT: Discrete Multi - Tone,不连续多基频模式

DNA: Distributed Internet Application(分布式因特网应用程序)

dns(domain name system,域名系统)

DNSDomain Name System,域名系统)

docsis(data over cable service interfacespecifications,线缆服务接口数据规格)

DOCSISData Over CableService Interface Specifications,线缆服务接口数据规格)

DOFDepth of Field,多重境深)

DOJ: Department of Justice(反不正当竞争部门)

DOSD: Digital On Screen Display(同屏数字化显示)

Dot Pitch(点距)

dot texture blending(点型纹理混和)

Double Buffering(双缓冲区)

dpidot per inch,每英寸的打印像素)

DPMSDisplay PowerManagement Signalling,显示能源管理信号)

DQLDynamic QuadrapoleLens,动态四极镜)

DRAMDynamic RandomAccess Memory,动态随机存储器)

DRDRAMDirect RAMbus DRAM,直接RAMbus内存)

DS3DDirectSound 3DStreams

DSDDirect StreamDigital,直接数字信号流)

DSLDown Loadable Sample,可下载的取样音色)

DSPDigital SignalProcessing,数字信号处理)

DSP: Delivery Service Partner(交付服务合伙人)

DSTDrive Self Test,磁盘自检程序)

DTD: Document Type Definition,文件类型定义

dte: data terminal equipment,数据终端设备

DTE: Data Terminal Equipment,数据终端设备

DVBDigital Video Broadcasting,数字视频广播

DVDDigital Video Disk,数字视频光盘)

DVIDigital VideoInterface,数字视频接口)

DWDM: Dense WaveLength Division Multiplex,波长密集型复用技术

DxR: DynamicXTended Resolution(动态可扩展分辨率)

DXTCDirect X TextureCompressDirectX纹理压缩,以S3TC为基础)

Dynamic Z-buffering(动态Z轴缓冲区),显示物体远近,可用作远景

E3ElectronicEntertainment Expo,电子娱乐展览会

EAXEnvironmental AudioExtensions,环境音效扩展技术)

EBExpansion Bus,扩展总线)

ebr(excess burst rate,超额突发速率)

EBRExcess Burst Rate,超额突发速率)

ECEmbedded Controller,嵌入式控制器)

ECCError Checking andCorrection,错误检查修正)

ECC: Elliptic Curve Crypto(椭圆曲线加密)

ECPExtendedCapabilities Port,延长能力端口)

E-DDCEnhanced DisplayData Channel,增强形视频数据通道协议,定义了显示输出与主

Edge Antialiasing,边缘抗锯齿失真

E-EDIDEnhanced ExtendedIdentification Data,增强形扩充身份辨识数据,定义了电脑

EEPROMElectricallyErasable Programmable ROM,电擦写可编程只读存储器)

EFEALExtended FieldElliptical Aperture Lens,可扩展扫描椭圆孔镜头)

EFF: Electronic Frontier Foundation(电子前线基金会)

EIDEenhanced IntegratedDrive Electronics,增强形电子集成驱动器)

EISAEnhanced IndustryStandard Architecture,增强形工业标准架构)

Embedded Chips(嵌入式)

EMIElectromagneticInterference,电磁干扰)

emp: emergency management port,紧急事件管理端口

environment mapped bump mapping(环境凹凸映射)

EPAEnvironmentalProtection Agency,美国环境保护局)

EPICexplicitly parallelinstruction code,并行指令代码)

EPPEnhanced ParallelPort,增强形平行接口)

ESCDExtended SystemConfiguration Data,可扩展系统配置数据)

ESDJEasy Setting DualJumper,简化CPU双重跳线法)

esp: encapsulating security payload,压缩安全有效载荷

ESP: Encapsulating Security Payload,压缩安全有效载荷

Execute Buffers,执行缓冲区

Extended Burst Transactions,增强式突发处理

Extended Stereo(扩展式立体声)

FADDFloationg PointAddition,浮点加)

FATFile AllocationTables,文件分配表)

FBCFrame Buffer Cache,帧缓冲缓存)

FCC: Federal Communications Commission(联邦通信委员会)

FCPGAFlip Chip Pin GridArray,反转芯片针脚栅格阵列)

FDBMFluid dynamicbearing motors,液态轴承马达)

FDCFloppy DiskController,软盘驱动器控制装置)

FDDFloppy Disk Driver,软盘驱动器)

FDIVFloationg PointDivide,浮点除)

fdm: frequency division multi,频率分离

FDM: Frequency Division Multi,频率分离

FEMMSFast Entry/ExitMultimedia State,快速进入/退出多媒体状态

FFTfast Fouriertransform,快速热欧姆转换)

FIDFIDFrequencyidentify,频率鉴别号码)

FIFOFirst Input FirstOutput,先入先出队列)

FIRfinite impulseresponse,有限推进响应)

FireWire(火线,即IEEE1394标准)

Flat(平面描影)

flip double buffered(反转双缓存)

flip-chip(芯片反转)

FLOPFloating PointOperations Per Second,浮点操作/秒)

flow-control流控制

Flow-control流控制

FMFrequency Modulation,频率调制)

FM: Flash Memory(快闪存储器)

FMD ROM Fluorescent MaterialRead Only Memory,荧光质只读存储器)

FMULFloationg PointMultiplication,浮点乘)

fog table quality(雾化表画质)

Fog(雾化效果)

FPUFloat Point Unit,浮点运算单元)

FRFrequence Response,频率响应)

Frames rate is King(帧数为王)

FRC: Frame Rate Control(帧比率控制)

fricc: federal research internetcoordinating committee,联邦调查因特网协调委员会

FRICC: Federal Research InternetCoordinating Committee,联邦调查因特网协调委员会

Front Buffer,前置缓冲

FSAAFull Scene Antialiasing,全景抗锯齿)

FSB: Front Side Bus,前置总线,即外部总线

FSEFrequency ShifterEffect,频率转换效果)

FSUBFloationg PointSubtraction,浮点减)

FTC: Federal Trade Commission,联邦商业委员会

ftp(file transfer protocol,文件传输协议)

FTPFile TransferProtocol,文件传输协议)

FWH Firmware Hub,固件中心)

GARTGraphic AddressRemappng Table,图形地址重绘表)

GDCGame DeveloperConference,游戏发展商会议)

ghost:(general hardware oriented systemtransfer,全面硬件导向系统转移)

Ghost:General HardwareOriented System Transfer,全面硬件导向系统转移)

GigabyteACOPS: Automatic CPU OverHeatPrevention SystemCPU过热预防系统)

GMCHGraphics &Memory Controller Hub,图形和内存控制中心)

GMRgiantmagnetoresistive,巨型磁阻)

Gouraud Shading,高洛德描影,也称为内插法均匀涂色

GPFGeneral protectfault,一般保护性错误)

GPIsGeneral PurposeInputs,普通操作输入)

GPUGraphics ProcessingUnit,图形处理器)

GTFGeneralized TimingFormula,一般程序时间,定义了产生画面所需要的时间,包括了

GUIGraphics UserInterface,图形用户界面)

GVPPGeneric VisualPerception Processor,常规视觉处理器)

HALHardware AbstractionLayer,硬件抽像化层)

hardware motion compensation(硬件运动补偿)

HDAhead disk assembly,磁头集合)

hdsl: high bit rate dsl,高比特率数字订阅线路

HDSL: High bit rate DSL,高比特率数字订阅线路

HDTVhigh definitiontelevision,高清晰度电视)

HEL: Hardware Emulation Layer(硬件模拟层)

HiFDhigh-capacity floppydisk,高容量软盘)

high triangle count(复杂三角形计数)

HL-PBGA: 表面黏著,高耐热、轻薄型塑胶球状矩阵封装

HP: Hewlett-Packard,美国惠普公司

HRTFHead RelatedTransfer Function,头部关联传输功能)

HTA: HyperText Application,超文本应用程序

HTMLHyperText MarkupLanguage,超文本标记语言)

http(hypertext transfer protocol,超文本传输协议)

HTTPHyperText TransferProtocol,超文本传输协议)

HVDHigh VoltageDifferential,高分差动)

I/OInput/Output,输入/输出)

IAIntel Architecture,英特尔架构)

iab: internet activities board,因特网工作委员会

IAB: Internet Activities Board,因特网工作委员会

IBM: International Business Machine,国际商业机器

ICDInstallable ClientDriver,可安装客户端驱动程序)

ICHInput/OutputController Hub,输入/输出控制中心)

icmb: inter-chassis management bus, 内部管理总线

icmp(internet control message protocol,因特网信息控制协议)

ICMPInternet ControlMessage Protocol,因特网信息控制协议)

ICSA: International Computer SecurityAssociation(国际计算机安全协会),它的前身

ICUInstruction ControlUnit,指令控制单元)

IDidentify,鉴别号码

IDCTInverse DiscreteCosine Transform,非连续反余弦变换,GeForceDVD硬件强化技

IDEIntegrated DriveElectronics,电子集成驱动器)

IDFIntel DeveloperForum,英特尔开发者论坛)

IDGInternational DataGroup,国际数据集团)

IEEEInstitute of Electricaland Electronics Engineers,电子电路工程师协会)

ietf(internet engineering task framework,因特网工程任务组)

IETFInternet EngineeringTask Framework,因特网工程任务组)

ietf: internet engineering task force,因特网工程作业推动

IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force,因特网工程作业推动

IEUInteger ExecutionUnits,整数执行单元)

IFWP: International Forum White Paper,国际白皮书论坛

IIDInteraural IntensityDifference,两侧声音强度差别)

IIRinfinite impulseresponse,无限推进响应)

ike: internet key exchange,因特网密钥交换协议

IKE: Internet Key Exchange,因特网密钥交换协议

imap4: internet message access protocolversion 4,第四版因特网信息存取协议

IMAP4: Internet Message Access ProtocolVersion 4,第四版因特网信息存取协议

IMM: Intel Mobile Module, 英特尔移动模块

Immediate Mode,直接模式

IMS: International Meta SystemMLEMicrosoftLearning and Entertainment,微软教学与娱乐公司

INF FileInformation File,信息文件)

INI FileInitialization File,初始化文件)

Instruction Coloring(指令分类)

Instructions Cache,指令缓存

Interactive 3D Audio(交互式3D音效)

Interactive Around-Sound(交互式环绕声)

internet(因特网)

Internet(因特网)

ip(internet protocol,网际协议)

IPInternet Protocol,网际协议)

IPCInstructions PerClock Cycle,指令/时钟周期)

IPPInternet PrintingProtocol,因特网打印协议)

IPPR: Image Processing and PatternRecognition(图像处理和模式识别)

IRinfrared ray,红外线)

IrDAinfrared ray,红外线通信接口可进行局域网存取和文件共享)

ISAinstruction setarchitecture,工业设置架构)

ISAinstruction setarchitecture,指令集架构)

ISA: Industry Standard Architecture,工业标准架构

isdn(integrated service digital network,综合服务数字网络)

ISDNIntegrated ServiceDigital Network,综合服务数字网络)

ISO/MPEG: International StandardOrganization's Moving Picture Expert Group(国际

isoc: internet society,因特网协会

ISOC: Internet Society,因特网协会

isp(internet service provider,因特网服务提供商)

ISPInternet ServiceProvider,因特网服务提供商)

ISSCCInternationalSolid-State Circuits Conference,国际晶体管电路讨论会)

ITAA: Information Technology Association ofAmerican,美国信息技术协会

ITDInteraural TimeDifference,两侧声音时间延迟差别)

JVM: Java Virtual Machine, Java虚拟机

KBCKeyBroad Control,键盘控制器)

KNIKatmai NewInstructionsKatmai新指令集,即SSE

l2tp(layer 2 tunneling protocol,二级通道协议)

L2TPLayer 2 TunnelingProtocol,二级通道协议)

lan(local area network,局域网)

LANLocal Area Network,局域网)

large textures(大型纹理)

Latency(潜伏期)

LBALogical BlockAddressing,逻辑块寻址)

LCDliquid crystaldisplay,液晶显示屏)

LCOS: Liquid Crystal On Silicon(硅上液晶)

ldap: lightweight directory access protocol,轻权目录访问协议

LDAP: Lightweight Directory Access Protocol,轻权目录访问协议

LDTLightning DataTransport,闪电数据传输总线)

LEDlight emitting diode,光学二级管)

LFLinear Filtering,线性过滤,即双线性过滤)

lighting(光源)

lightmap(光线映射)

lmds: local multipoint distributed system,局域多点分布式系统

LMDS: Local Multipoint Distributed System,局域多点分布式系统

Local Interconnect(局域互连)

Local Peripheral Bus(局域边缘总线)

lom(lan-on-montherboard)

LOMLAN-on-Montherboard

L-SAGICLow Power-SmallAperture G1 wiht Impregnated Cathode,低电压光圈阴极管)

LVDLow VoltageDifferential

LVDLow Voltage Differential,低分差动)

LVDS: Low Voltage Differential Signal(低电压差动信号)

MACMobile AdvisoryCouncil

MALSMulti AstigmatismLens System,多重散光聚焦系统)

MBRMaster Boot Record,主引导记录)

MCSP: Microsoft Certified SolutionProviders,微软认证解决方案供应商

MDAMonochrome Adapter,单色设备)

MDCMobile Daughter Card,移动式子卡)

MESIModified, Exclusive,Shared, Invalid:修改、排除、共享、废弃)

MFC: Microsoft Foundation Classes(微软基础类库)

MFLOPSMillion FloationgPoint/Second,每秒百万个浮点操作)

MHzMillion Hertz,兆赫兹)

MIDI: Musical Instrument Digital Interface(乐器数字接口)

mime: multipurpose internet mail extension,多用途因特网邮件扩展协议

MIME: Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension,多用途因特网邮件扩展协议

MIOC: Memory and I/O Bridge Controller,内存和I/O桥控制器

mipmappingMIP映射)

MJPEGMotion JointPhotographic Experts Group,移动式连续图像专家组)

MMA: MIDI Manufacturer AssociationMIDI制造商联盟)

MMDS: Multichannel Multipoint DistributionService,多波段多点分发服务

MMUMultimedia Unit,多媒体单元)

MMXMultiMediaExtensions,多媒体扩展指令集)

mnp: microcom networking protocal

MNP: Microcom Networking ProtocalMODEMModulatorDemodulator,调制解调器)

modem(modulator demodulator,调制解调器)

Modulate(调制混合)

motion blur(模糊移动)

Motion Compensation,动态补偿

MPMulti-Processing,多重处理器架构)

mpp(massive parallel processing,巨量平行处理架构)

MPPSMillion Pixels PerSecond,百万个像素/

MPSMultiProcessorSpecification,多重处理器规范)

MRH-RMemory Repeater Hub,内存数据处理中心)

MRH-SSDRAM Repeater HubSDRAM数据处理中心)

MSMicrosoft,微软)

MS: Magnetic Sensors(磁场感应器)

msn: microsoft network,微软网络

MSN: Microsoft Network,微软网络

MSRsModel-SpecificRegisters,特别模块寄存器)

MTBFMean Time BeforeFailure,平均故障时间)

MTHMemory Transfer Hub,内存转换中心)

Multi Threaded Bus Master,多重主控

Multi-Resolution Mesh,多重分辨率组合

Multitexture(多重纹理)

mux: data path multiplexor,多重路径数据访问

NAI: Network Associates Incorporation,前身为McAfee

NAOCno-account OverClock,无效超频)

nat(network address translation,网络地址转换)

NATNetwork AddressTranslation,网络地址转换)

NBC: North Bridge Chip(北桥芯片)

NBITDNational Board forIndustrual and Technical Development,瑞典国立工业和技

nc(network computer,网络计算机)

NCNetwork Computer,网络计算机)

NCTA: National Cable Television Association,美国电缆电视协会

NDA: non-DWORD-aligned ,非DWORD排列

NDIS: Network Driver InterfaceSpecification,网络驱动程序接口规范

nds: novell directory servicenovell目录服务

NDS: Novell Directory ServiceNovell目录服务

nerest Mipmap(邻近MIP映射,又叫点采样技术)

NGIONext GenerationInput/Output,新一代输入/输出标准)

NINonIntel,非英特尔

NIA: Networking Interoperatility Alliance(网络互操作联盟)

nntp: network news transfer protocol,网络新闻传输协议

NNTP: Network News Transfer Protocol,网络新闻传输协议

NSNationalSemiconductor,国家半导体)

NTNew Technology,新技术)

OAAFOpen ArcadeArchitecture Forum,开放式Arcade体系论坛

OEMOriginal EquipmentManufacturer,原始设备制造商)

ofdm(orthogonal frequency divisionmultiplexing,直角频率部分多路复用)

OFDMorthogonal frequencydivision multiplexing,直角频率部分多路复用)

OIF: Optical Internetworking Forum,光纤互连网络论坛

OJI: Open Java VM Interface,开放JAVA虚拟机接口

OLGAOrganic Land GridArray,基板栅格阵列)

OoOOut of Order,乱序执行)

Overdraw(透支,全景渲染造成的浪费)

p3p(privacy preference project,个人私隐安全平台)

P3PPrivacy PreferenceProject,个人私隐安全平台)

P64H64-bit PCIController Hub64PCI控制中心)

Parallel Processing Perspective Engine(平行透视处理器)

partial texture downloads(并行纹理传输)

PCPerspectiveCorrection,透视纠正)

PCAVPart ConstantAngular Velocity,部分恒定角速度)

PCBprinted circuitboard,印刷电路板)

PCBAPrinted CircuitBoard Assembly,印刷电路板装配)

PCI SIGPeripheral ComponentInterconnect Special Interest Group,互连外围设备专

PCI: Peripheral Component Interconnect,互连外围设备

PCM: Pulse Code Modulation,脉冲编码调制

pds: public directory support,公众目录支持

PDS: Public Directory Support,公众目录支持

PGA: Pin-Grid Array(引脚网格阵列),耗电大

PGCParallel GraphicsConfiguration,并行图像设置)

pgp: pretty good privacy,优良保密协议

PGP: Pretty Good Privacy,优良保密协议

PIBProcessor In a Box,盒装处理器)

pics: platform for internet contentselection,因特网内容选择平台

PICS: Platform for Internet ContentSelection,因特网内容选择平台

PIIX: PCI ISA/IDE Accelerator(加速器)

PIOProgrammed InputOutput,可编程输入输出模式)

PIROMProcessorInformation ROM,处理器信息ROMPLEDM:

Phase-state Low Electronhole-numberDrive MemoryQBMQuad Band Memory,四倍边带内存)

pixelPicture element,图像元素,又称P像素,屏幕上的像素点)

PMI: Pacific Magtron InternationalSCEsonycomputer entertainment,索尼计算机娱乐部)

pof: polymer optical fiber,聚合体光纤

POF: Polymer Optical Fiber,聚合体光纤

point light(一般点光源)

point sampling(点采样技术,又叫邻近MIP映射)

pop3: post office protocol version 3,第三版电子邮局协议

POP3: Post Office Protocol Version 3,第三版电子邮局协议

Porous Tungsten(活性钨)

POSTPower On Self Test,加电自测试)

Post-RISCPRPerformance Rate,性能比率)

PPGAPlastic Pin GridArray,塑胶针状矩阵封装)

ppmpaper per minute,页/分)

pptp: point to point tunneling protocol,点对点通道协议

PPTP: Point to Point Tunneling Protocol,点对点通道协议

PQFPPlastic Quad FlatPackage,塑料方块平面封装)

Precise Pixel Interpolation,精确像素插值

PRMLPartial ResponseMaximum Likelihood,最大可能部分反应,用于提高磁盘读写传输

Procedural textures(可编程纹理)

PSE36: Page Size Extension 36bit36位页面尺寸扩展模式

PSNProcessor Serialnumbers,处理器序列号)

PSTNPublic SwitchedTelephone Network,公用交换式电话网)

PXB: PCI Expander BridgePCI增强桥

QEMQsound EnvironmentalModelingQsound环境建模扬声器组)

Qos: Quality of Service,服务质量

QPA: Quad Port Acceleration(四接口加速)

RACRambus Asic CellRambus集成电路单元)

radsl: rate adaptive dsl,速率自适应数字订阅线路

RADSL: Rate Adaptive DSL,速率自适应数字订阅线路

RAMDACRandom Access MemoryDigital to Analog Converter,随机存储器数/模转换器)

rarp(reverse address resolution protocol,反向地址解析协议)

RARPReverse AddressResolution Protocol,反向地址解析协议)

RASRow Address Strobe,行地址控制器)

Raw PCM: Raw Pulse Code Modulated(元脉码调制)

RAWRead after Write,写后读)

RCG: RAS/CAS GeneratorRAS/CAS发生器

RDF: Resource Description Framework,资源描述框架

rdf: resource deXion framework,资源描述框架

RDRAMRambus Direct RAM,直接型RambusRAM

Reflection mapping(反射贴图)

Reflections

Register Contention(抢占寄存器)

Register Pressure(寄存器不足)

Register Renaming(寄存器重命名)

Remark(芯片频率重标识)

render(着色或渲染)

Resource contention(资源冲突)

Retirement(指令引退)

RIAARecording IndustryAssociation of America,美国唱片工业协会)

RIMMRAMBUS In-lineMemory ModulesRAMBUS内嵌式内存模块)

RIO: Redistributed Internet Object(因特网分配组织)

RISCReduced InstructionSet Computing,精简指令集计算机)

RMA: RealMedia Architecture(实媒体架构)

RNGRandom numberGenerator,随机数字发生器)

RPMRotation Per Minute,转/分)

RRVP: Resource ReserVation Protocol(资源保留协议)

rsa(rivest shamir adlemen,一种因特网加密和认证体系)

RSARivest ShamirAdlemen,一种因特网加密和认证体系)

RSD: Removable Storage Device(移动式存储设备)

RSDS: Reduced Swing Differential Signal(小幅度摆动差动信号)

RTC: Real Time Clock(实时时钟)

RTOSReal Time OperatingSystems,实时操作系统)

rts(request to send,需求发送)

RTSRequest To Send,需求发送)

RTSP: Real Time Streaming Protocol(实时流协议)

S.M.A.R.T.Self-Monitoring,Analysis and Reporting Technology,自动监测、分析和

s/mime: secure mime,安全多用途因特网邮件扩展协议

S/MIME: Secure MIME,安全多用途因特网邮件扩展协议

S/PDIFSony/PhillipsDigital Interface,索尼/飞利普数字接口)

S3SightSoundSpeed,视频、音频、速度)

S3TCS3 Texture CompressS3纹理压缩,仅支持S3显卡)

S3TLS3 Transformation& LightingS3多边形转换和光源处理)

SACDSuper Audio CD,超级音乐CD

SAPSideband AddressPort,边带寻址端口)

SBASide Band Addressing,边带寻址)

SBC: South Bridge Chip(南桥芯片)

SBFS: Simple Boot Flag Specification,简单引导标记规范

SCScreen Coatings,屏幕涂层)

SCMASCSI Configured AutoMagicallySCSI自动配置

Screen Buffer(屏幕缓冲)

SCSISmall ComputerSystem Interface,小型计算机系统接口)

SDKSoftware DevelopmentKit,软件开发工具包)

SDR SDRAMSingle Date Rate,单数据率SDRAM

SDTVStandard DefinitionTelevision,标准清晰度电视)

Seagate硬盘技术

SeaShield(防静电防撞击外壳)

SEC: Single Edge Connector,单边连接器

SEMsphericalenvironment mapping,球形环境映射)

SET: Secure Electronic Transaction(安全电子交易)

SGISilicon GraphicsSiS:Silicon Integrated Systems,硅片综合系统公司

SGML: Standard Generalized Markup Language,标准通用标记语言

SGRAMsynchronous graphicsRAM,同步图形随机储存器)

Shading,描影

Shadow Mask(阴罩式)

Shallow-trench isolation(浅槽隔离)

SIAThe SemiconductorIndustries Association,半导体工业协会)

SIMDSingle InstructionMultiple Data,单指令多数据流)

Single Ended(单终结)

Single Pass Multi-Texturing,单通道多纹理

SiO2FFluorided SiliconOxide,二氧氟化硅)

sis: switched internetworking services(交换式网络互联服务)

SIS: Switched Internetworking Services(交换式网络互联服务)

SIV: System Information Viewer(系统信息观察)

skip: simple key exchange internet protocol,因特网简单密钥交换协议

SKIP: Simple Key Exchange Internet Protocol,因特网简单密钥交换协议

SLIScanline Interleave,扫描线间插,3Dfx的双Voodoo 2配合技术)

SMA: Share Memory Architecture,共享内存结构

Smart Filter(智能过滤)

SMB: System Management Bus(全系统管理总线)

SMISystem ManagementInterrupt,系统管理中断)

SMIL: Synchronous Multimedia IntegrateLanguage(同步多媒体集成语言)

SMMSystem ManagementMode,系统管理模式)

SMPSymmetricMulti-Processing,对称式多重处理架构)

smtp(simple mail transfer protocol,简单邮件传输协议)

SMTPSimple Mail TransferProtocol,简单邮件传输协议)

snmp(simple network management protocol,简单网络管理协议)

SNMPSimple NetworkManagement Protocol,简单网络管理协议)

SNRSignal to NoiseRatio,信噪比)

SO-DIMMSmall Outline DualIn-line Memory Modules,小型双重内嵌式内存模块)

soft reflections(柔和反射)

soft shadows(柔和阴影)

SOI: Silicon-on-insulator,绝缘体硅片

SONCSystem on a chip,系统集成芯片)

SPA: Software Publishers Association,软件出版商协会

SPDSerial PresenceDetect,串行存在检查)

SPDSerial PresenceDetect,内存内部序号检测装置)

SPECSystem PerformanceEvaluation Corporation,系统性能评估测试)

spot light(小型点光源)

SPPStandard ParallelPort,标准并行口)

SPSShock ProtectionSystem,抗震保护系统)

SQRTSquare RootCalculations,平方根计算)

SRASymmetric RenderingArchitecture,对称渲染架构)

SRAMStatic Random AccessMemory,静态随机存储器)

SRS: Sound Retrieval System(声音修复系统)

SSB: Super South Bridge,超级南桥芯片

SSEStreaming SIMDExtensions,单一指令多数据流扩展)

SSTL-2Stub SeriesTerminated Logic-2

STASCSI TradeAssociationSCSI同业公会)

STDSuspend To Disk,磁盘唤醒)

Stencil Buffers(模板缓冲)

STRSuspend To RAM,内存唤醒)

Stream Processor(流线处理)

sua(single user account,单用户帐号)

SUASingle User Account,单用户帐号)

Super Intelligent Sound ASIC(超级智能音频集成电路)

Superscalar(超标量体系结构)

SuperScaler Rendering,超标量渲染

Surround Sound(环绕立体声)

SVR: Switching Voltage Regulator(交换式电压调节)

S端子(Seperate

T&LTransform andLighting,多边形转换与光源处理)

TAPI: Telephony Application ProgrammingInterface,电话应用程序接口

TBFBTile Based FrameBuffer,碎片纹理帧缓存)

T-BufferT缓冲,3dfxVoodoo4的特效,包括全景反锯齿Full-scene Anti-Aliasing、动态

TCATwin CacheArchitecture,双缓存结构)

tcp(transmission control protocol,传输控制协议)

TCPTransmission ControlProtocol,传输控制协议)

TCP: Tape Carrier Package(薄膜封装),发热小

TDP: Triton Data Path(数据路径)

TDTTimeing DetectionTable,数据测定表)

TETText EnhancedTechnology,文本增强技术)

texelT像素,纹理上的像素点)

Texture Fidelity(纹理真实性)

Texture Modes,材质模式

texture swapping(纹理交换)

TFTthin film transistor,薄膜晶体管)

THD+NTotal HarmonicDistortion plus Noise,总谐波失真加噪音)

Throughput(吞吐量)

TICRG: Tungsten Impregnated Cathode Ray Gun(钨传输阴级射线枪)

TLBTranslate Look sideBuffers,翻译旁视缓冲器)

TMIPM: Trilinear MIP Mapping(三次线性MIP材质贴图)

Transformation(三角形转换)

Transparency(透明状效果)

Trilinear Filtering(三线性过滤)

TSAPI: Telephony Services ApplicationProgramming Interface,电话服务应用程序接口

TSC: Triton System Controller(系统控制器)

TSOPsthin small outlinepackages,超小型封装)

TSOWUThe Swedish officeworker's union,瑞典办公人员联合会,以制订TCO标准著称)

TWAINToolkit Without AnInteresting Name)协议

uart(universal asynchronousreceiver/transmitter,通用异步接收/发送装置)

UARTUniversalAsynchronous Receiver/Transmitter,通用异步接收/发送装置)

UAWG: Universal ADSL Working Group(通用ADSL工作组)

UCAID:University Corporation for AdvancedInternet DevelopmentUL: Underwriters Laboratories Inc.

(新产品承诺实验室)

UCCUltra Clear Coatings,超清晰涂层)

udp(user datagram protocol,用户数据报协议)

UDPUser DatagramProtocol,用户数据报协议)

uls: user location service,用户定位服务

ULS: User Location Service,用户定位服务

Ultra DMAUltra Direct MemoryAccess,超高速直接内存存取)

UMAUnified MemoryArchitecture,统一内存架构)

UMCUnitedMicroelectronics Corporation,台湾联华电子公司,半导体制造商)

UPTUSBPANELLINKTV-OUT四重接口)

USBUniversal Serial Bus,通用串行总线)

USBDCDPDUniversal Serial BusDevice Class Definition for Printing Devices,打印

USDMUnified SystemDiagnostic Manager,统一系统监测管理器)

USWCUncacheabledSpeculative Write Combination,无缓冲随机联合写操作)

USWVUncacheable,Speculative, Write-Combining非缓冲随机混合写入)

VAGP: Variable Aperature Grille Pitch(可变间距光栅)

VALUVector ArithmeticLogic Unit,向量算术逻辑单元)

VAR: Value Added Resellers(增值分销商)

VBI: Vertical Blanking Interval(垂直空白间隙)

VCDVideo CD,视频CD

VCMAVirtual ChannelMemory architecture,虚拟通道内存结构)

VDVariable Dot,变点式列印)

VDTVideo DisplayTerminals,视频显示终端)

VEFAT: Virtual File Allocation Table(虚拟文件分配表)

Vertex Lighting(顶点光源)

Vertical Interpolation(垂直调变)

VIDVoltageIdentification Definition,电压识别认证)

VIPVideo Interface Port,视频接口)

ViRGE: Video and Rendering Graphics Engine(视频描写图形引擎)

Visualize Geometry Engine,可视化几何引擎

VLIWVery LongInstruction Word,超长指令字)

vod: video on demand,视频点播

VOD: Video On Demand,视频点播

VoxelVolume pixels,立体像素,Novalogic的技术)

vpn: virtual private network, 虚拟局域网

VPN: virtual private network, 虚拟局域网

VPUVector PermutateUnit,向量排列单元)

VPUvector processing units,向量处理单元,即处理MMXSSESIMD指令的地方)

VQTCVector-QuantizationTexture Compression,向量纹理压缩)

VRM Voltage RegulatorModule,电压调整模块)

VRMLVirtual RealityMakeup Language,虚拟现实结构化语言

VRR: Vertical Refresh Rate(垂直扫描频率)

VSISVideo SignalStandard,视频信号标准)

v-sync(同步刷新)

VXMLVoice eXtensibleMarkup Language,语音扩展标记语言)

W3CWorld Wide WebConsortium,万维网协会)

WDWestern Digital,西部数据)

WDMWindows Driver Model,视窗驱动程序模块)

WDM: WaveLength Division Multiplex,波分多路复用

WGWave Guide,波导合成)

WHQLMicrosoft WindowsHardware Quality Lab,微软公司视窗硬件质量实验室)

WHQL: Windows Hardware Quality LabsWindows硬件质量实验室

WHS: Windows Scripting Host,视窗脚本程序

WinHEC: Windows Hardware EngineeringConference,视窗硬件工程会议

Winsock: Windows Socket,视窗套接口

WTWave Table,波表合成)

WWWWorld Wide Web,万维网,是因特网的一部分)

www(world wide web,万维网,是因特网的一部分)

XML: Extensible Markup Language(可扩展标记语言)

XSL: Extensible Style Sheet Language(可扩展设计语言)

Z BufferZ缓存)

ZAM: Zero Administration for Windows,零管理视窗系统

ZDZiff-Davis出版公司)

ZIF: Zero Insertion Force, 零插力



 
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